poisoning by beryllium or its compounds, either by inhalation or by skin contamination. Inhalation of fumes from molten beryllium causes an acute alveolitis and is usually fatal. Subacute and chronic forms can result from extremely low levels of exposure to the powder and can produce granulomata in the skin or lungs very similar to those seen in sarcoidosis. In the lungs, these lead to fibrosis, which can, however, be prevented by prompt use of oral corticosteroids. Although the incidence of berylliosis has been greatly reduced since the use of beryllium compounds in the manufacture of fluorescent light tubes was discontinued in Britain in 1948, new cases are still occurring.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Berylliosis — Classification and external resources Beryllium ICD 10 J63.2 …   Wikipedia

  • berylliosis — [bə ril΄ē ō′sis] n. pl. beryllioses [bə ril΄ē ō′sēz΄] a serious disease caused by beryllium poisoning, usually found in the lungs from the inhalation of beryllium fumes or particles …   English World dictionary

  • berylliosis — Beryllium poisoning characterized by the occurrence of acute pneumonia or chronic interstitial granulomatous fibrosis, especially of the lungs, from inhalation of beryllium. * * * be·ryl·li·o·sis bə .ril ē ō səs also ber·yl …   Medical dictionary

  • berylliosis — /beuh ril ee oh sis/, n. Pathol. beryllium poisoning, characterized by the formation of granulomas, primarily affecting the lungs and causing a cough, chest pain, and shortness of breath. [BERYLLI(UM) + OSIS] * * * ▪ disease       systemic… …   Universalium

  • berylliosis — noun a chronic disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of beryllium compounds …   Wiktionary

  • berylliosis — be·ryl·li·o·sis …   English syllables

  • berylliosis — …   Useful english dictionary

  • chronic berylliosis — the usual form of berylliosis, characterized by beryllium granulomas (q.v.), a diffuse inflammatory reaction that may be indistinguishable from sarcoidosis, and sometimes dyspnea and hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy. In time the granulomas …   Medical dictionary

  • Бериллиоз (Berylliosis) — отравление бериллием или его соединениями, развивающееся либо при вдыхании паров бериллия, либо при его попадании на кожу. Вдыхание паров жидкого бериллия вызывает у человека острый альвеолит и обычно заканчивается смертью больного. Подострая и… …   Медицинские термины

  • acute berylliosis — an often fulminating reaction to inhalation of beryllium, characterized by a toxic or allergic pneumonitis, sometimes with rhinitis, pharyngitis, and tracheobronchitis. Symptoms may last for weeks, and serious cases can be fatal …   Medical dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”